Tradıtıonal Resıdentıal Archıtecture In Bozcaada: Typology Study

Thesis Type: Postgraduate

Institution Of The Thesis: Gazi Üniversitesi, Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Turkey

Approval Date: 2015


Supervisor: SARE SAHİL


Bozcaada, a district in the province of Çanakkale, is the 3rd biggest island of Turkey. It is located in the Southwest side of Marmara Region and in Northeast of Aegean Sea. Since the history of Bozcaada dates back 5000 years ago, it has been administrated by different cultures and civilizations for many centuries. After Ottoman Empire's conquer of the island in 15th century, Turkish people brought from different parts of Anatolia were settled down near the castle located outside the Rum settlement. In time, the stream going through island's center had become a natural border between Turkish and Rum settlements. Today, the stream separating these two neighborhoods is replaced by Çınar Bazaar Street. Looking closely to island's architectural characteristics, it is possible to see Turkish and Rum influence. For instance, the houses in Alaybey Neighborhood have the architectural characteristics of the former, while the ones in Cumhuriyet neighborhood have the architectural characteristics of the latter. Social and religious buildings are distributed according to neighborhoods' socio-cultural structure; churches or chapels are located in Cumhuriyet Neighborhood, mosques, fountains, namazgah are located in Alaybey district. Traditional Bozcaada Houses, which are mostly timber frame structures made of local materials, obtain the functions in harmony with the surrounded nature. This thesis aims to prevent Traditional Bozcaada Houses from being demolished through investigating their plan schemes, facade characteristics, structural techniques, and materials.