Effects Of Core Stabılıty Exercıses On Balance And Upper Extremıty Functıons

Thesis Type: Postgraduate

Institution Of The Thesis: Gazi University, Turkey

Approval Date: 2017

Thesis Language: Turkish

Student: Ahmet Gökkurt

Supervisor: DERAN OSKAY


Prerequisite for continuity of upper limbs function and hand use are ensuring trunk stabilization and improving control of axial axis. Stabilization that allows movements in upper extremity for manipulative and certain targeted activities is provided in proximal segments. The aim of this study is investigation of the effects of core stability exercises which performed during 6 weeks on upper extremity functions and balance during upper extremity functions. Thirty-seven healthy participations are included into study based on volunteerism. Gross grip strength was assessed with hand dynamometer, pinch strength was assessed with pinchmeter, functional hand ability was assessed with Nine Hole Peg Test (NHPT), core muscles endurance was assessed with specific endurance tests. Balance was assessed with Biodex Biosway (Shirley, the USA) during upper extremity function while performing Purdue Pegboard Test (PPT). Participants participated in core stabilization exercise program, which was performed in groups for 3 days a week for 6 weeks. The assessments were made before and after 6 weeks training. Data were compared by using Paired Sample T-Test and Wilcoxon Signed Rank Test. Statistically significant improvement was observed in the dominant and non-dominant side gross grip strength measurements, NHPT scores and PPT score; all core endurance tests scores; mediolateral and overall balance scores (p<0,05). It was observed that there was a statistically significant decrease in the lateral grip strength (p<0,05), while no change was observed in the bipod and tripod grip strengths (p>0,05). Core stabilization training is thought to contribute not only to the development of endurance of the core muscles but also to the functional development of the upper extremity and balance is assessed during upper extremity function.