The perspective of Ismail Hakkı Baltacıoglu about education


Thesis Type: Postgraduate

Institution Of The Thesis: Gazi Üniversitesi, Eğitim Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Turkey

Approval Date: 2014

Student: LÜTFİ KAYTANCI

Supervisor: BEYHAN ZABUN

Abstract:

In this research Ismail Hakkı Baltacıoglu's views on education are studied comparatively with curriculum elements, teaching strategies, methods and techniques, teaching principles and assessment techniques of modern-day Turkish system of education and current teaching programs and their components generally used. As a result of the research, it was concluded that curriculum elements, teaching strategies, methods and techniques, teaching principles and assessment techniques used in Turkish system of education and modern-day education systems has similar and different sides. Besides it was determined that many of Baltacıoglu's views, which he stated at least half a century ago, were barely put into practice 9 or 10 years ago; the most tangible example related to this was seen as his notion of constructivism, which went into our country's 2005-2006 primary school education programs. The signs of this insight, which asserts that a student constitutes the knowledge himself by deriving from his earlier knowledge and a teacher is only a guide and a helper, can be seen in his works called Içtimai Mektep written in 1942 and Pedagojide Ihtilal written in 1964. Also according to the theory of multiple intelligences, put forth by neuropsychologist and development specialist, Howard Gardner in 1983, which entered into our curriculum in 2005-2006 education year, human beings have different intelligence areas and during the education process this reality must be considered. As for Baltacıoglu he stated this reality by saying There is not an intelligence. There are intelligences' in his work called Pedagojide Ihtilal 19 years ago.