The effect of flipped learning approach on nursing students' learning of patient safety: A randomized controlled trial


Nurse Education in Practice, vol.72, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 72
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.nepr.2023.103742
  • Journal Name: Nurse Education in Practice
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus, ASSIA, CINAHL, EBSCO Education Source, Education Abstracts, Educational research abstracts (ERA), MEDLINE
  • Keywords: Flipped learning, Nursing education, Nursing students, Patient safety
  • Gazi University Affiliated: Yes


Aim: This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of the flipped learning approach on nursing students’ learning of patient safety Background: Nursing students play an important role in ensuring patient safety. Flipped learning is an effective approach in nursing education related to patient safety. It is a valuable educational approach whose effects should be evaluated and disseminated in the context of patient safety. Method: This study had a parallel-group randomised controlled trial design. The study was conducted with first-year nursing students enrolled at a university in Turkey. The traditional educational approach was used to teach patient safety in the control group (n = 44) and flipped learning approach was used in the intervention group (n = 45). Data were collected using a demographic information form, achievement test and Patient Safety Competency Self-Evaluation Scale. Data were collected at baseline, after intervention and 6 weeks after intervention. Results: The intervention group obtained significantly higher mean total scores in the achievement test (post-test and follow-up test, p < 0.001) and the Patient Safety Competence Self-Evaluation Scale than the control group (first measurement and second measurement, p < 0.001). Conclusion: Flipped learning positively affected students’ knowledge of patient safety and their self-assessment of knowledge-skill-attitudes. It is recommended that the flipped learning approach be used to teach patient safety.