Kinetics of non-isothermal crystallization of Bi3Sr2Ca2Cu3-xSnxO10+delta glass-ceramics


KORALAY H. , Cavdar Ş. , Aksan M. A.

PHYSICA B-CONDENSED MATTER, vol.405, no.23, pp.4801-4805, 2010 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 405 Issue: 23
  • Publication Date: 2010
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.physb.2010.09.006
  • Title of Journal : PHYSICA B-CONDENSED MATTER
  • Page Numbers: pp.4801-4805
  • Keywords: Glass-ceramic, DTA, Crystallization kinetics, DIFFERENTIAL THERMAL-ANALYSIS, CU-O SYSTEM, ISOTHERMAL KINETICS, ACTIVATION-ENERGY, FORMING LIQUIDS, NUCLEATION, GROWTH, PHASE, SUPERCONDUCTOR, SUBSTITUTION

Abstract

Kinetics of crystallization in Bi3Sr2Ca2Cu3-xSnxO10+delta (x=0.05, 0.10 and 0.15) glass was studied by the non-isothermal method using differential thermal analysis (DTA). In this order, the DTA curves have been registered with different heating rates (5, 10, 15 and degrees 20 C min(-1)) up to 900 degrees C. The glass transition temperature, crystallization temperature and nature of crystalline phases formed were determined. From the variation of DTA peak maximum temperature with heating rate, the activation energies of crystallization were calculated to be 337, 344 and 367 kJ mol(-1) for x=0.05, 0.10 and 0.15, respectively, by using the Kissinger method. The values of the Avrami exponent (n) were 2.34, 2.76 and 3.84 for x=0.05, 0.1 and 0.15, respectively. The glass transition temperature varies from 451.2 to 475.0 degrees C depending on the composition of the glass. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.