The Relationship Between the Surface Morphology and Chemical Composition of Gunshot Residue Particles

Kara I., LİŞESİVDİN S. B., Kasap M., Er E., Uzek U.

JOURNAL OF FORENSIC SCIENCES, vol.60, no.4, pp.1030-1033, 2015 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 60 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2015
  • Doi Number: 10.1111/1556-4029.12785
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.1030-1033
  • Keywords: forensic science, firearms examination, gunshot residues, primer mixtures, SEM-EDS examination, GSR, IDENTIFICATION
  • Gazi University Affiliated: Yes


In this study, chemical composition and morphology of gunshot residue (GSR) of 9 x 19 mm Parabellum-type MKE (Turkey)-brand ammunition were analyzed by scanning electron microscope and energy dispersive X-ray spectrometer. GSR samples were collected by "swab" technique from the shooter's right hand immediately after shooting. According to general principles of thermodynamics, it is likely that the structures will have a more regular (homogeneous) spherical form to minimize their surface area due to very high temperatures and pressures that occur during explosion. Studied samples were collected under the same conditions with the same original ammunition, from the same firearm and a single shooter. This is because many other variables may affect size, structure, and composition in addition to the concentrations of elements of the structure. Results indicated that the chemical compositions are effective in the formation of GSR morphological structures.