Risk of Malignancy Using the Diagnostic Categories Proposed by the World Health Organization International System for Reporting Pancreaticobiliary Cytopathology.

Gocun P. U., Simsek B., Ekinci O., Ekmen N., Arhan M., Karakan T., ...More

Acta cytologica, vol.66, no.6, pp.475-485, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 66 Issue: 6
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1159/000525276
  • Journal Name: Acta cytologica
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, EMBASE, MEDLINE
  • Page Numbers: pp.475-485
  • Keywords: Pancreas, Cytopathology, EUS-FNA, Risk of malignancy, Papanicolaou Society of Cytopathology, World Health Organization, FINE-NEEDLE-ASPIRATION, EUS-GUIDED FNA, PAPANICOLAOU SOCIETY, CYSTIC LESIONS, TERMINOLOGY, GUIDELINES, ANCILLARY, NEOPLASMS, CYTOLOGY
  • Gazi University Affiliated: Yes


Background: The World Health Organization (WHO) proposed an updated reporting system for pancreaticobiliary cytology, which moves low-grade malignancies to "positive for malignancy" group and serous cystadenoma to "negative for malignancy" group. The WHO system also created two new categories, namely, pancreatic neoplasia-low grade (PaN-Low) and pancreatic neoplasia-high grade (PaN-High), which includes neoplastic mucinous cysts and stratifies them according to their cytologic atypia. The risk of malignancy (ROM) of the new categories of the WHO system needs to be defined. Methods: Cytologic slides of all patients, who underwent endoscopic ultrasound (EUS)-guided fine needle aspiration (FNA) biopsy at our institution from January 2010 to December 2021 and had a histopathological or clinical follow-up of at least 6 months, were reviewed and reclassified under the Papanicolaou Society of Cytopathology (PSC) and WHO reporting systems. The absolute ROM was calculated for each category of both reporting systems. Results: A total of 420 EUS-FNA samples from 410 patients were reviewed and reclassified. The absolute ROM for the proposed WHO system was 35% for "nondiagnostic," 1.0% for "negative for malignancy," 69.0% for "atypical," 11% for "PaN-Low," 100% for "PaN-High," 91% for "suspicious for malignancy," and 100% for "malignant." Comparatively, the absolute ROM under the PSC reporting system was 34% for "nondiagnostic," 1.0% for negative (for malignancy), 50.0% for "atypical," 0.0% for "neoplastic: benign," 16% for "neoplastic: other," 88% for "suspicious for malignancy," and 100% for "positive or malignant." Conclusion: The proposed WHO international reporting system has advantages regarding risk stratification improvement and case management.