This study investigates the difference between students' opinions and level of knowledge on Revolution History of Turkish Republic and Kemalism Course before and after taking the course. The participant of the study includes 8. grade students studying in secondary schools located in central districts of Ankara in 2015-2016 education year both fall and spring semesters chosen through convenient sampling technique under purposeful sampling techniques. In this qualitative study, data were collected through a semi-structured interview form developed by the researchers. The data of the study were analyzed through content and descriptive analyses. Results reveales that students' opinions on and knowledge of the course did not differ in large measure. Participants stated their opinions about the course as "a boring course that teachers out past and Ataturk's life" and that they stated the importance of the course as "to ensure the development of modernization, social equity and democracy".