Solution of fiber Raman amplifier model using binary search equation-based adaptive artificial bee colony algorithm

Yolcu V., YÜCEL M., Aydln D.

Optical Engineering, vol.62, no.2, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 62 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1117/1.oe.62.2.026105
  • Journal Name: Optical Engineering
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Aerospace Database, Applied Science & Technology Source, Communication Abstracts, Compendex, Computer & Applied Sciences, INSPEC, Metadex, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Keywords: fiber Raman amplifier, artificial bee colony, binary search equation-based adaptive artificial bee colony algorithm, pump optimization
  • Gazi University Affiliated: Yes


Due to the need for high bandwidth, there is growing interest in distributed fiber Raman amplifiers (FRA). In addition to having wide bandwidth, FRAs have the advantages of a low noise factor and simplicity of use. However, the optimization of the wavelength and power values of the pump lasers to be used in FRAs for a broadband and flat gain region is an important problem to be solved. In this study, a distributed FRA system was set using 100 signals with a 50-km propagation distance and 8 pump signals in the opposite direction, which were gain-flattened. The attenuation coefficient of SMF-28 type optical fiber was used in the system. First, optimum pump wavelengths and power levels were found by the binary search equation based adaptive artificial bee colony algorithm. Then, the FRA boundary value problem (BVP) was solved with the MATLAB BVP solver. Finally, the analytical Jacobian matrix required for the solution of the equation was included in the system, and faster and more effective results were obtained. The results show that the gain ripple of 100 optical signals was 0.5 dB at the maximum.