Structural insight into the optimization of ethyl 5-hydroxybenzo[g] indol-3-carboxylates and their bioisosteric analogues as 5-LO/mPGES-1 dual inhibitors able to suppress inflammation

Bruno F., Errico S., Pace S., Nawrozkij M. B., Mkrtchyan A. S., Guida F., ...More

EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF MEDICINAL CHEMISTRY, vol.155, pp.946-960, 2018 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier


The release of pro-inflammatory mediators, such as prostaglandines (PGs) and leukotrienes (LTs), arising from the arachidonic acid (AA) cascade, play a crucial role in initiating, maintaining, and regulating inflammatory processes. New dual inhibitors of 5-lipoxygenase (5-LO) and microsomal prostaglandin E-2 synthase-1 (mPGES-1), that block, at the same time, the formation of PGE(2) and LTs, are currently emerged as a highly interesting drug candidates for better pharmacotherapie of inflammation-related disorders. Following our previous studies, we here performed a detailed structure-based design of benzo[g]indol-3-carboxylate derivatives, disclosing several new key factors that affect both enzyme activity. Ethyl 2-(3,4-dichlorobenzy1)-5-hydroxy-1H-benzo[g]indole-3-carboxylate (4b, RAF-01) and ethyl 2-(3,4-dichlorophenyl)-5-hydroxy-1H-benzo[g]indole-3-carboxylate (7h, RAF-02) emerged as the most active compounds of the series. Additionally, together with selected structure based analogues, both derivatives displayed significant in vivo anti-inflammatory properties.