A model predictive control-based hybrid MPPT method for boost converters


Irmak E., Güler N.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ELECTRONICS, vol.107, no.1, pp.1-16, 2020 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 107 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/00207217.2019.1582715
  • Journal Name: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ELECTRONICS
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Aerospace Database, Applied Science & Technology Source, Business Source Elite, Business Source Premier, Communication Abstracts, Compendex, Computer & Applied Sciences, INSPEC, Metadex, zbMATH, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Page Numbers: pp.1-16
  • Keywords: Model predictive control (MPC), MPPT, boost converter, photovoltaic system, current control, POWER POINT TRACKING, DC-DC CONVERTER, PHOTOVOLTAIC SYSTEMS

Abstract

In this study, Perturb and Observe Maximum Power Point Tracking algorithm and Model Predictive Control (MPC) algorithm are combined to improve the dynamic performance of the control structure of boost converters used in renewable energy systems. For this purpose, a digital control method that does not need any comparator is developed. The maximum power point current value is determined from the Maximum Power Point Tracking (MPPT) algorithm and it is used as the reference for current control operation in the MPC algorithm. Dynamic capability and tracking performance of the proposed control method is validated by simulation and experimentally. The dynamic behaviour of the control algorithm is analysed by carrying out step change tests. Results show that the control method has excellent dynamic performance thanks to its feature of reference tracking in only one switching period. Furthermore, overshoots and undershoots are successfully eliminated.