In recent years, integration of in silico approaches to natural product ( NP) research reawakened the declined interest in NP-based drug discovery efforts. In particular, advancements in cheminformatics enabled comparison of NP databases with contemporary small-molecule libraries in terms of molecular properties and chemical space localizations. Virtual screening and target fishing approaches were successful in recognizing the untold macromolecular targets for NPs to exploit the unmet therapeutic needs. Developments in molecular docking and scoring methods along with molecular dynamics enabled to predict the target-ligand interactions more accurately taking into consideration the remarkable structural complexity of NPs. Hence, innovative in silico strategies have contributed valuably to the NP research in drug discovery processes as reviewed herein.