Buoyancy-induced flow through a narrow chamber containing an internal heat source: Comparison of experimental measurements and numerical simulations


Baskaya Ş. , Gilchrist A., Fraser S.

PROCEEDINGS OF THE INSTITUTION OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERS PART C-JOURNAL OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING SCIENCE, vol.210, no.5, pp.489-498, 1996 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 210 Issue: 5
  • Publication Date: 1996
  • Doi Number: 10.1243/pime_proc_1996_210_222_02
  • Title of Journal : PROCEEDINGS OF THE INSTITUTION OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERS PART C-JOURNAL OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING SCIENCE
  • Page Numbers: pp.489-498

Abstract

Natural convection ventilation of a rectangular chamber containing a heated rectangular body has been investigated both experimentally and computationally. The heated square blockage within the partial enclosure was adjacent to the adiabatic lower surface of the chamber and the three exposed surfaces of the block were such as to give a constant heat flux. The air inlet and outlet were located at the bottom and top of the chamber vertical walls respectively, and were of equal area. Velocity measurements were performed using laser Doppler anemometry (LDA) with a one-component He-Ne laser connected to a burst spectrum analyser (BSA). Detailed velocity profiles were measured at the inlet, outlet and at several locations inside the chamber. Temperatures of the heated air at the outlet were measured with a chromel-alumel (type K) bare wire thermocouple probe. Three-dimensional laminar and turbulent (k-epsilon model) numerical simulations were obtained by solving the governing equations using the computational fluid dynamics (CFD) code PHOENICS. Comparisons of experimental and computational results showed very good agreement in most of the flow field.