Polycythemia as an Uncommon Finding in 2 Children, One With Systemic Capillary Leak Syndrome and the Other With Protein-losing Enteropathy Caused by CD55 Deficiency


Kaya Z., Derinöz O.

JOURNAL OF PEDIATRIC HEMATOLOGY ONCOLOGY, vol.45, no.8, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 45 Issue: 8
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1097/mph.0000000000002729
  • Journal Name: JOURNAL OF PEDIATRIC HEMATOLOGY ONCOLOGY
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, CAB Abstracts, MEDLINE
  • Keywords: capillary leak syndrome, polycythemia, protein-losing enteropathy
  • Gazi University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

We report 2 children with distinct causes of polycythemia, 1 from systemic capillary leak syndrome (SCLS) and the other from protein-losing enteropathy (PLE) caused by CD55 deficiency. There is only a single case series about polycythemia in children with SCLS, but none on polycythemia in children with PLE. We present a 10-year-old girl with hypoalbuminemia, polycythemia, and edema who died as a result of an SCLS attack and a 1-year-old girl with PLE who was successfully treated with eculizumab. Our experience suggests that hematologists should be alert for SCLS and PLE in children with relative polycythemia.