Protective effect of piceatannol and bioactive stilbene derivatives against hypoxia-induced toxicity in H9c2 cardiomyocytes and structural elucidation as 5-LOX inhibitors


Boccellino M., Donniacuo M., Bruno F., Rinaldi B., Quagliuolo L., Ambruosi M., ...More

EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF MEDICINAL CHEMISTRY, vol.180, pp.637-647, 2019 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 180
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.ejmech.2019.07.033
  • Title of Journal : EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF MEDICINAL CHEMISTRY
  • Page Numbers: pp.637-647
  • Keywords: Resveratrol (RS), Piceatannol (PC), Pterostilbene (PT) analogues, Cardiomyocytes, ROS, LEUKOTRIENE BIOSYNTHESIS, BIOLOGICAL EVALUATION, OXIDATIVE STRESS, HUMAN HEALTH, IN-VITRO, RESVERATROL, CANCER, PRODUCTS, INFLAMMATION, ANTIOXIDANTS

Abstract

Stilbenes with well-known antioxidant and antiradical properties are beneficial in different pathologies including cardiovascular diseases. The present research was performed to investigate the potential protective effect of resveratrol (1) and piceatannol (2), against hypoxia-induced oxidative stress in the H9c2 cardiomyoblast cell line, and the underlying mechanisms. Compounds 1 and 2 significantly inhibited the release of peroxynitrite and thiobarbituric acid levels at na no- or submicromolar concentrations, and this effect was more evident in piceatannol-treated cells, that significantly increased MnSOD protein level in a concentration dependent manner. Furthermore, since piceatannol, which is far less abundant in natural sources, displayed a higher bioactivity than the parent compound, we hereby report on a very fast synthesis and detailed structure-based design of a focused stilbene library. Finally, taking into account that hypoxia-induced ROS accumulation also increases expression and activity of 5-lipoxygenase (5-LOX) with production of leukotrienes, we have disclosed structural key factors crucial for 5-LOX activity. Among the synthesized analogues ( 3-7), compound 7 was the most effective in improving cardiomyocytes viability and in 5-LOX inhibition. In conclusion, modeling and experimental studies provided the basis for further optimization of stilbene analogues as multi-target inhibitors of the inflammatory and oxidative pathway. (C) 2019 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.