Understanding the Possible Impact of Exotic Parrots on Human Health


Journal of Anatolian Environmental and Animal Sciences, vol.6, no.3, pp.288-293, 2021 (Refereed Journals of Other Institutions)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 6 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.35229/jaes.819583
  • Title of Journal : Journal of Anatolian Environmental and Animal Sciences
  • Page Numbers: pp.288-293


Parrots are birds that live in the tropical and subtropical regions of the world. The international trade of parrots is carried out according to the CITES Convention. A total of 135 parrot species were imported and 40 parrot species were re-exported between 1982 and 2016 in Turkey. The introduction and establishment of alien species in any country is an undesirable situation. Alien species can have a negative impact on ecosystem, economic, human health and social factors in countries. Therefore, alien species should be monitored. In this study, the possible impact of exotic parrots on human health and well-being is assessed, which was given in three stages (literature search, bird watching database, ectoparasite investigation). Cage birds (pets) were the subject of 89% of theses, 88% of WoS articles, and 92% of Dergipark articles, according to the results. There have been several records of the sounds of the alien rose-ringed parakeet (Psittacula krameri) (RRP) and the Alexandrine parakeet (Psittacula eupatria) (AP) having negative impacts on human well-being. Both species have had no impact on human health to date in Turkey, but it is possible that in the future it could be determined that they carry various microorganisms and vectors. RRP and AP individuals live in the wild as a result of intentional or accidental introductions. Besides, pet trade on these species continues in Turkey. This situation poses a biosecurity concern. To overcome these issues, biosecurity measures should be increased in Turkey and incorrect scientific researches should not be considered in the management of these species