Lactobacillus plantarum improves lipogenesis and IRS-1/AKT/eNOS signalling pathway in the liver of high-fructose-fed rats


Sumlu E., Bostanci A., SADİ G., ALÇIĞIR M. E. , AKAR F.

ARCHIVES OF PHYSIOLOGY AND BIOCHEMISTRY, vol.128, no.3, pp.786-794, 2022 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 128 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/13813455.2020.1727527
  • Journal Name: ARCHIVES OF PHYSIOLOGY AND BIOCHEMISTRY
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus, Academic Search Premier, BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, Chemical Abstracts Core, EMBASE, Food Science & Technology Abstracts, MEDLINE, Veterinary Science Database
  • Page Numbers: pp.786-794
  • Keywords: Dietary fructose, fatty liver, insulin signalling, Lactobacillus plantarum, Lactobacillus helveticus, INSULIN-RESISTANCE, HIGH-FAT, DIETARY FRUCTOSE, MESSENGER-RNA, EXPRESSION, DYSFUNCTION, ACTIVATION, DISEASE, CHREBP, GENES

Abstract

In the present study, we investigated the influence of Lactobacillus plantarum and Lactobacillus helveticus supplementation on lipogenesis, insulin signalling and glucose transporters in liver of high-fructose-fed rats. Fructose was given to the rats as a 20% solution in drinking water for 15 weeks. Lactobacillus plantarum and L. helveticus supplementations were performed by gastric gavage once a day during final 6 weeks. Dietary high-fructose increased hepatic weight, lipid accumulation and FASN expression as well as caused a significant reduction in IRS-1 expression, pAKT/total AKT and peNOS/total eNOS ratios, but an elevation in GLUT2 and GLUT5 mRNAs in the liver. Lactobacillus plantarum supplementation decreased hepatic weight, triglyceride content and FASN expression as well as improved IRS-1/AKT/eNOS pathway and GLUT2 expression in the liver of high-fructose-fed rats. However, L. helveticus supplementation exerted a restoring effect on lipid accumulation by decreasing FASN expression, and regulating effect on IRS-1 and GLUT2 expressions.