Previous Open Renal Surgery Increased Vascular Complications in Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy (PCNL) Compared with Primary and Secondary PCNL and Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy Patients: A Retrospective Study

YEŞİL S., Ozturk U., Goktug H. N. G. , Tuygun C., Nalbant I., Imamoglu M. A.

UROLOGIA INTERNATIONALIS, vol.91, no.3, pp.331-334, 2013 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 91 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2013
  • Doi Number: 10.1159/000351968
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.331-334
  • Keywords: Haemorrhage, Open surgery, Percutaneous nephrolithotomy, Vascular complications, STAGHORN CALCULI, MULTIPLE TRACTS, STONES, EMBOLIZATION


Objective: To evaluate the vascular complications of percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) patients who have undergone previous open surgery, PCNL and extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL). Patients and Methods:360 patients who underwent a PCNL procedure were included into the study. The patients were divided into 4 groups: group 1: primary PCNL (n = 232); group 2: previous open nephrolithotomy (n = 42); group 3: previous PCNL (n = 33); group 4: previous ESWL (n = 63). The periods of operation and fluoroscopy use of the groups were compared in terms of residual stones, with haematuria, pre-operation and post-operation first-day haemoglobin values. Patients with persistent haematuria were assessed through ultrasonography (US), Doppler US, computed tomography and angiography. Results: Upon comparison of the patients' pre- and post-operative haemoglobin changes, haemoglobin was statistically higher in the previous open operation group than the others (p = 0.02). Permanent and intermittent haematuria were detected in 12 (3%) and 7 patients (1%), respectively. Angiography was done in 7(1.94%) patients. This rate was 9.5% for group 2 and 3% for group 3. These rates were found to be statistically higher than compared to the other groups. Arteriovenous fistula (AVF) was detected in 4 of these patients and pseudoaneurysm in 1. While 1 of the patients with AVF improved spontaneously, embolisation was applied to 4 patients. Four of the patients had had a previous open operation, while 1 had had a PCNL treatment. Conclusions: Vascular complication is a rare complication of PCNL that can be successfully managed with angioembolisation. Our results indicate that previous open surgery significantly predicted the occurrence of these lesions. Copyright (C) 2013 S. Karger AG, Basel