3D printing and spine surgery

ŞENKÖYLÜ A., Daldal I., Cetinkaya M.

JOURNAL OF ORTHOPAEDIC SURGERY, vol.28, no.2, 2020 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Review
  • Volume: 28 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1177/2309499020927081
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, CINAHL, EMBASE, MEDLINE, Directory of Open Access Journals
  • Keywords: 3D printing, additive manufacturing, patient-specific guide, patient-specific implant, pedicle screw template, preoperative planning, rapid prototyping, spine surgery, PEDICLE SCREW PLACEMENT, ACCURACY, TEMPLATES, EFFICACY, IMPLANT, ANATOMY, ENHANCE, DESIGN
  • Gazi University Affiliated: Yes


Rapid prototyping (RP), also known as three-dimensional printing (3DP), allows the rapid conversion of anatomical images into physical components by the use of special printers. This novel technology has also become a promising innovation for spine surgery. As a result of the developments in 3DP technology, production speeds have increased, and costs have decreased. This technological development can be used extensively in different parts of spine surgery such as preoperative planning, surgical simulations, patient-clinician communication, education, intraoperative guidance, and even implantable devices. However, similar to other emerging technologies, the usage of RP in spine surgery has various drawbacks that are needed to be addressed through further studies.