Experimental and Theoretical Explorations on the Buckling Piezoelectric Layer Under Magnetic Excitation


ÇELİK K. , KURT E. , UZUN Y.

JOURNAL OF ELECTRONIC MATERIALS, vol.46, no.7, pp.4003-4016, 2017 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 46 Issue: 7
  • Publication Date: 2017
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s11664-017-5403-2
  • Title of Journal : JOURNAL OF ELECTRONIC MATERIALS
  • Page Numbers: pp.4003-4016
  • Keywords: Piezoelectric, buckling, power, magnetic field, chaos, ENERGY HARVESTER, POWER, BEAM

Abstract

In the present study, experimental and theoretical explorations on the buckling features of a wind energy harvester have been performed. The harvester consists of a piezoelectric layer, which has a certain stiffness and voltage conversion rate. A blade rotates on a shaft carrying a magnet and sweeps the tip of the layer causing a serial buckling effect resulting in energy generation. Since the modeling of the buckling under a magnetic strength includes nonlinear terms over displacements, one requires a detailed study on the characteristics of buckling phenomena. It has been proven that the piezoelectric beam having the magnet at its tip can produce regular and chaotic dynamics for different frequencies (i.e. the rotation speed). In addition, there exist a number of quasi-periodic regions on the parameter space. The overall result indicates that the large area of complicated dynamics requires a detailed study in order to stabilize the position and velocity of the layer tip, thereby a much stabilized energy conversion from mechanical to electrical can be obtained. The present survey on the dynamics of the harvester is a new study and is considered as a two-parameter diagram [i.e. the wind speed (frequency) and magnetic strength]. Mainly, single-, double-, triple- and quadruple-type phase space portraits have been observed and the ripples on the maximal and minimal values of the beam velocity have been observed for certain rotation speeds. These results can be used in order to stabilize the harvester in terms of the reduction of total harmonic distortion in the generated waveform.