Fractures of the maxillofacial region are common in the elderly people. Titanium and LactoSorb screws are the widely accepted materials for use in the maxillofacial fractures. This study was undertaken to evaluate the early tissue response following the insertion of both titanium and LactoSorb screws composed of 82% PLLA and 18% PGA in an elderly animal model. In this study, 22 titanium and 22 LactoSorb screws were applied to calvaria of 44 guinea pigs that were 10-11 months old. Animals were sacrificed on postoperative days 3, 7, 14, 30 and 60. Screws were retrieved with surrounding bone tissue and the specimens were prepared for routine histologic examination. All the specimens were evaluated by light microscopy. Histometric analysis revealed that there was no significant difference between LactoSorb and titanium screws for the new bone formation. The biodegradation of LactoSorb screws was not complete by the end of day 60. In conclusion, both materials were well tolerated and induced bone formation without causing adverse tissue response in an elderly animal model. Our results suggest that both LactoSorb and titanium miniplates and screws can be used safely, regardless of the increasing age. However, LactoSorb may be the first choice as it does not require a second operation for removal and has late biodegradation in elderly that keeps its support for a relatively longer time during fracture healing.