In this analysis a conceptual framework for constructing citizenship that might be applied in divided societies is proposed: "Secular-constitutional citizenship at national scale". The basic premise of this framework can be explained as follows. ethno-religious/sectarian based identity/membership and representation not only preclude the perception of a political society comprising of citizens with equal rights, who are devoted to common national objectives, but also deepen the social fragmentation. However, if an identity and representation based on national secular-constitutional citizenship ties can be ensured, then the deadlock of ethno-religious based identity will be overcome. The crises of governability and politics in divided countries. The crises of governability and of politics in divided countries that emerge as an outcome of such sense of partial belonging can be overcome by building up a secular public sphere purified from the sense of partial belonging. That is to say, the threat of conflicts and struggles in such politico-social structures can be prevented.