Improvement of mechanical, thermal and antimicrobial properties of organically modified montmorillonite loaded polycaprolactone for food packaging

Eryılmaz Seyrek M., Okur M., Saraçoğlu N.

JOURNAL OF VINYL & ADDITIVE TECHNOLOGY, vol.27, no.4, pp.894-908, 2021 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 27 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1002/vnl.21860
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Aerospace Database, Applied Science & Technology Source, Chemical Abstracts Core, Communication Abstracts, Compendex, INSPEC, Metadex, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Page Numbers: pp.894-908
  • Keywords: biocomposite, casting, layered structures, mechanical properties, organically modified clay, NANOCOMPOSITE FILMS, BIOLOGICAL-PROPERTIES, PERFORMANCE, NANOTUBES, RELEASE
  • Gazi University Affiliated: Yes


The aim of this study is to evaluate the biodegradable packaging materials which will be an alternative to traditional synthetic packaging materials. For this purpose, packaging films containing polycaprolactone (PCL), montmorillonite (MMT), and organically modified montmorillonite (OMMT) were prepared by solution casting method, and the mechanical, physical, structural, antimicrobial, and antifungal properties of these films were examined. Cetyl trimethyl ammonium bromide (CTAB) was used for the modification of montmorillonite. The structural properties of the prepared films were characterized by attenuated total reflection-Fourier transform infrared, X-ray powder diffraction, thermogravimetric analysis, and scanning electron microscopy. The PCL/OMMT structure was found to be thermally more stable than the PCL/MMT structure. The addition of OMMT to PCL improved the thermal and mechanical properties of the films compared with the pure PCL and PCL/MMT films. In addition, adding MMT/OMMT to the PCL caused an increase in the hardness of the films. In the antimicrobial analysis, while no inhibition effect was observed in PCL/MMT films, PCL/OMMT films showed inhibition effect against Staphylococcus aureus. Antifungal tests performed with the prepared films showed that the film-wrapped bread did not deteriorate for 40 days. It is thought that PCL/MMT and PCL/OMMT films prepared in this study will provide an advantage in applications as packaging material.