A new species of Centaurea L. (Asteraceae), Centaurea elazigensis Kaya & Vural, front section Acrocentron (Cassini) DC. is described and illustrated from Elazig Province, Turkey. It is closely related to C. carduiformis DC. A key comparing diagnostic morphological characters of the new species and C. carduifomis is provided. The habitat and conservation status of the species are presented, and the geographical distribution of the new species and other related species is described.