Power losses and efficiency analysis of non-uniform time modulated arrays over a ground plane


AEU - International Journal of Electronics and Communications, vol.146, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 146
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.aeue.2022.154106
  • Journal Name: AEU - International Journal of Electronics and Communications
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Applied Science & Technology Source, Compendex, Computer & Applied Sciences, INSPEC
  • Keywords: Non-uniform Time Modulated Arrays, Sideband Radiation Power, Multipath Propagation, Retarded Fields, HARMONIC POWER, SUPPRESSION, RADIATION, LEVEL
  • Gazi University Affiliated: Yes


© 2022 Elsevier GmbHIn this paper, the analysis of non-uniform time modulated arrays (NTMA) on the ground plane, in which antenna elements are modulated with different modulation frequencies, is presented theoretically by evaluating the horizontal and vertical polarization conditions. The constructive and disruptive effects of multipath propagation consisting of direct radiation using the line of sight and the most basic reflected radiation are investigated at the observation point. Furthermore, the closed-form expression of the total harmonic power losses of the NTMA placed at a certain height from the ground plane is derived. Depending on the height of the array elements from the ground plane, it causes positive and negative effects on the power consumption rate of NTMA's harmonics and thus on the radiation efficiency. Also, the representative examples of NTMA on the ground plane, unlike the isolated environment are comprehensively presented.