Autism: Screening of inborn errors of metabolism and unexpected results

İNCİ A. , ÖZASLAN A. , OKUR İ. , BİBEROĞLU G. , GÜNEY E. , EZGÜ F. S. , ...Daha Fazla

AUTISM RESEARCH, 2021 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Yayın Türü: Makale / Tam Makale
  • Cilt numarası:
  • Basım Tarihi: 2021
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1002/aur.2486


In this study, the aim was to examine patients with inborn errors of metabolism (IEM) who presented with only autism, without any other findings, to suggest any other neurological and genetic disorders. To investigate IEM, data of the hospital records of 247 patients who were referred from pediatric psychiatric to pediatric metabolism outpatient clinics due to further evaluation of autism spectrum disorders (ASD) were examined. Among them, 237 patients were evaluated for IEM leading to ASDs. Organic acidemias, phenylketonuria, tetrahydrobiopterin and neutrotransmitter disorders, biotinidase deficiency, Smith-Lemni-Opitz syndrome, disorders of cerebral creatine metabolism, urea cycle defects, homocystinuria, purine-pyrimidine metabolism disorders, mitochondrial disorders, cerebrotendinous xantomatosis, mucopolysaccaridosis, and glucose 6 phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency were screened with complete blood counts, complete biochemical analyses, homocysteine levels, an arterial blood gase, and metabolic investigations. Six patients were diagnosed as follows: one with phenylketonuria (PKU), one with cerebral creatine deficiency, one with hypobetalipoproteinemia, one with glycogen storage disease type IX-a, one with dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase deficiency, and one with succinic semialdehyde dehydrogenase deficiency (SSADHD). Forty-six patients screened for IEM were from consanguineous families, among them, one was diagnosed with FKU and the other was with SSADHD. It would not be expected to find PKU in a 5-year-old patient as a result of newborn screening, but she could not been screened due to being a refugee. The diagnosed diseases were rare presentations of the diseases and furthermore, the diagnosis of hypobetalipoproteinemia and glycogen storage disease type IX-a were surprising with the only presentation of ASDs.