Mesoporous KIT-6 supported Cr and Co-based catalysts for microwave-assisted non-oxidative ethane dehydrogenation


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Eslek Koyuncu D. D.

International Journal of Chemical Reactor Engineering, 2021 (Journal Indexed in SCI Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume:
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1515/ijcre-2020-0203
  • Title of Journal : International Journal of Chemical Reactor Engineering

Abstract

© 2021 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston 2021.In the present study, mono and bi-metallic catalysts containing Cr and Co were prepared by impregnating the hydrothermally prepared mesoporous KIT-6 support with 5-10 wt% total metal content. The well-ordered three-dimensional mesoporous structure of the KIT-6 support was confirmed by small angle X-ray diffraction (XRD) patterns. N2 adsorption-desorption analysis results showed that the mesoporous structure of KIT-6 was preserved after metal loading. Structural bonds of KIT-6 support and prepared catalysts were determined by Fourier-transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy. The pyridine adsorbed diffuse reflectance FT-IR (DRIFT) spectroscopy results revealed the presence of Lewis acid sites on the surface of the catalysts. Activity experiments were carried out in a microwave-heated continuous-flow fixed bed reactor system at temperature range of 350-650 °C and feed ratios of Ethane/Argon: 1/2, 1/1, 2/1 with a gas hourly space velocity (GHSV) of 18,000 ml/h.gcat. The 5Cr@KIT-6 catalyst exhibited high ethane conversion (63.5%) while the highest ethylene/hydrogen ratio (0.98) was obtained with the 2.5Cr2.5Co@KIT-6 catalyst at 450 °C. It was concluded that high temperatures (above 450 °C) facilitate the formation of side reactions and the production of aromatic compounds. The high catalytic activities of mesoporous catalysts were thought to be due to hot spots in the microwave reactor system.