Linear and nonlinear site response analyses to determine dynamic soil properties of Kirikkale

Sonmezer Y. B., BAŞ S., IŞIK N. S., AKBAŞ S. O.

GEOMECHANICS AND ENGINEERING, vol.16, no.4, pp.435-448, 2018 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 16 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2018
  • Doi Number: 10.12989/gae.2018.16.4.435
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.435-448
  • Keywords: local soil condition, site response analysis, soil amplification, peak ground acceleration, spectral acceleration, seismic hazard, PROBABILISTIC SEISMIC HAZARD, PEAK HORIZONTAL ACCELERATION, STRONG-MOTION RECORDS, MICROZONATION MODEL, TURKEY, EARTHQUAKE, AMPLIFICATION, CALIFORNIA, ATTENUATION, MAGNITUDE
  • Gazi University Affiliated: Yes


In order to make reliable earthquake-resistant design of civil engineering structures, one of the most important considerations in a region with high seismicity is to pay attention to the local soil condition of regions. It is aimed in the current study at specifying dynamic soil characteristics of Kirikkale city center conducting the 1-D equivalent linear and non-linear site response analyses. Due to high vulnerability and seismicity of the city center of Kirikkale surrounded by active many faults, such as the North Anatolian Fault (NAF), the city of Kirikkale is classified as highly earthquake-prone city. The first effort to determine critical site response parameter is to perform the seismic hazard analyses of the region through the earthquake record catalogues. The moment magnitude of the city center is obtained as M-W,=7.0 according to the recorded probability of exceedance of 10% in the last 50 years. Using the data from site tests, the 1-D equivalent linear (EL) and nonlinear site response analyses (NL) are performed with respect to the shear modulus reduction and damping ratio models proposed in literature. The important engineering parameters of the amplification ratio, predominant site period, peak ground acceleration (PGA) and spectral acceleration values are predicted. Except for the periods between the period of T=12-1.0 s, the results from the NL are obtained to be similar to the EL results. Lower spectral acceleration values are estimated in the locations of the city where the higher amplification ratio is attained or vice-versa. Construction of high-rise buildings with modal periods higher than T=1.0 s are obtained to be suitable for the city of Kirikkale. The buildings at the city center are recommended to be assessed with street survey rapid structural evaluation methods so as to mitigate seismic damages. The obtained contour maps in this study are estimated to be effective for visually characterizing the city in terms of the considered parameters.