IN VITRO SYNERGISTIC EFFECT OF MOXIFLOXACIN AND AMPHOTERICIN B COMBINATION AGAINST CANDIDA STRAINS


Yalcin B., KALKANCI A. , Gurelik F., FİDAN I. , Kustimur S., ÖZDEK Ş.

MIKROBIYOLOJI BULTENI, cilt.44, sa.1, ss.65-70, 2010 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier

  • Yayın Türü: Makale / Tam Makale
  • Cilt numarası: 44 Konu: 1
  • Basım Tarihi: 2010
  • Dergi Adı: MIKROBIYOLOJI BULTENI
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.65-70

Özet

Contradictory results such as synergy or indifferent effect, have been reported about the interactions between quinolones and antifungal drugs in different studies. The aim of this study was to investigate the in vitro susceptibilities of Candida spp. to moxifloxacin (MOX) alone and MOX + amphotericin B (AmB) combination. A total of 20 strains were included to the study, of which 19 were clinical isolates (10 Candida albicans, 4 Candida glabrata, 2 Candida parapsilosis, I Condido tropicalis, I Candida pelliculosa ve 1 Condido sake) and 1 was a standard strain (C.albicans ATCC 90028). In vitro susceptibilities of the strains to MOX with AmB were investigated by broth microdilution method according to the recommendations of the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI), and in vitro interaction of these drugs were determined by a chequerboard titration method. Minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) values of Candida spp. for MOX were found >= 400 mu g/ml indicating that MOX, by itself has no antifungal activity. AmB MIC values were found 1 mu g/ml in 11 of the clinical isolates, and <= 0.5 mu g/ml in the other 8 clinical isolates and I standard strain. The inhibitor activity of AmB was slightly enhanced when combined with MOX, there being a decrease of 1-4 fold dilutions in the AmB MICs against all isolates tested. Synergistic effect between MOX and AmB, defined as a fractional inhibitory concentration (FIC) index as ! 0.5, was observed in 90% (18/20; all were clinical isolates) of the strains, whereas indifferent effect (FIC=1) was detected in 10% (2120; 1 was clinical and 1 was standard strain) of the strains. Antagonistic effect was not observed for this combination even at 48(th) hours. It was concluded that these preliminary results should be confirmed by large-scaled in vitro and in vivo studies to evaluate MOX + AmB combination as a therapeutic option for the treatment of Candida infections.