Nucleoside analogues have had a substantial impact on the treatment of cancer, especially haematological malignancies. The electrochemical behaviour of the nucleoside analogue clofarabine (CLF) was investigated at a glassy carbon electrode using cyclic, differential pulse and square wave voltammetry in different pH supporting electrolytes. The oxidation process of CLF is irreversible and pH-dependent with transfer of two protons and two electrons, following a diffusion controlled mechanism. The oxidation mechanism of CLF involves deprotonation and leads to the formation of a hydroxylated species that undergoes reversible redox reactions. The interaction of DNA and the antileukemia drug CLF was investigated using a dsDNA-electrochemical biosensor in incubated solutions by differential pulse voltammetry. The CLF-DNA interaction leads to changes in the DNA morphological structure, confirmed using the purinic homo-polynucleotide single stranded sequences of guanosine and adenosine, poly[G] and poly[A]-electrochemical biosensors. (c) 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.