Historical structures which are like a bridge between past and future are the social and cultural heritage. One of the most important responsibilities of society is that this heritage must be preserved and transferred to future generations safely. Historic structures were damaged by natural hazards, originating from soil, earthquakes and human impacts. These structures of lives can be extended to make repairment and strentghening. Prestudy must be done to decide type of the repairment and strentghening. Firstly, historical structure situation must be specified and determined hazards assessment after that the type of the hazards must be stated so repairing and strengthening must be done. These processes should be done to historical structures by experts in a way to least interference. Soil damage can affect negatively to historical structure. In this study, soil damage for historical structures was approached. Settlement, swelling, segregation, rupture, crack and sliding are hazards due to soil effects. These damages which include in the specific historical structure are viewed and then, recommended retrofit and reparing works are researched.