Is the First-Trimester Systemic Immune-Inflammation Index Associated With Preeclampsia?


CEVHER AKDULUM M. F., DEMİRDAĞ E., Arık S. İ., Safarova S., ERDEM M., BOZKURT N., ...More

CUREUS, vol.15, no.8, pp.1-5, 2023 (ESCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 15 Issue: 8
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.7759/cureus.44063
  • Journal Name: CUREUS
  • Journal Indexes: Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI)
  • Page Numbers: pp.1-5
  • Gazi University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Objective: Preeclampsia (PE) is a serious and common pregnancy issue. There is a systemic inflammation in PE and it is accompanied by increased oxidative stress, but the clear etiology has not been revealed. We aimed to predict PE with the systemic immune-inflammation index (SII) value calculated in the first trimester.Material and methods: This is a retrospective study. One hundred fifty-seven pregnant women were included in the study. Twenty-seven pregnant women were excluded from the study. Age, gravida, parity, and hemogram values were recorded in the patients' first visit file records. The time and mode of delivery, birth weight, and APGAR scores were obtained from the file records of the patients. SII was created using the formula (neutrophil x platelet/lymphocyte).Result: The study group included 30 pregnant women who had been diagnosed with PE. The control group consisted of the remaining 100 pregnant women. There was a statistically significant difference between PE and control groups in terms of SII (p=0.03). The SII level cut-off value for predicting PE was determined to be 836.83. This value's area was found to be 0.635 (0.519-0.752). Furthermore, the selectivity is 0.60 and the sensitivity is 0.40 for these values.Conclusion: SII was found to be significantly higher in people with PE in the study. We showed that the SII value measured in the first trimester can be used to predict PE. It might make sense to combine this marker with the patient's history and other risk factors due to its low selectivity and sensitivity.