How Can the Crusades Be Evaluated in Terms of their Causes and Effects?

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Koca S.

GAZI AKADEMIK BAKIS-GAZI ACADEMIC VIEW, vol.10, no.20, pp.15-35, 2017 (Journal Indexed in ESCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 10 Issue: 20
  • Publication Date: 2017
  • Doi Number: 10.19060/gav.321020
  • Page Numbers: pp.15-35


A great authority gap and havoc occurred in Western Europe following the collapse and disintegration of the Carolingian Frankish Empire in 843. Being fed with the ideas of the "Theocratic Perception of History" for centuries, the popes intended to benefit this situation and desired to establish a world empire by transforming their office of Papacy into an instrument of sovereignty. They pointed Jerusalem as a target to the Christian population of Western Europe and got engaged in the usage of propaganda containing a powerful agitation. These propagandas soon came up with the results the Papacy wanted. On the other hand, being crushed under economic hardships and filled with religious enthusiasm, the masses of the West wished to obtain heaven, worldly possessions, land, wealth, prosperity and happiness. Thus, when the Pope's ambitions of establishing a world empire united with the desires of the masses, the world of Western Christendom suddenly went into action in the year 1095.