Groundwater circulation in the allochthonous limestone units between Lake Girdev and Kazanpinari Spring, Antalya, southwestern Turkey

Celik M., Unsal N.

HYDROGEOLOGY JOURNAL, vol.7, no.5, pp.483-489, 1999 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 7 Issue: 5
  • Publication Date: 1999
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s100400050221
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.483-489
  • Keywords: Turkey, carbonate rocks, tracer tests, groundwater/surface-water relations, stable isotopes
  • Gazi University Affiliated: No


The aim of the study is to investigate the interaction between waters of Lake Girdev and groundwater in the allochthonous limestone units exposed in the area between Lake Girdev and Kazanpinari Spring, southwestern Turkey. The features analyzed include the flow direction and apparent groundwater velocity, their relationship with Lake Girdev, and the effect of lithological and structural features on the groundwater circulation. The results of a fluorescein tracer test indicate that groundwater flows east-northeast and the apparent flow velocity ranges from 26.2 to 35.6 m h(-1) between the injection site and various observation points. Tritium data suggest that the water of Lake Girdev and groundwater are probably similar in age, and oxygen-18 isotope data indicate that water derived from Lake Girdev is the main source of recharge to the aquifer. The aquifer is fed not only by Lake Girdev but also by rainfall percolating through allochthonous limestones; together, these provide the discharge of springs in Elmali Polje. The permeability of the allochthonous limestone aquifer has been enhanced as a result of jointing and faulting.