Classifying Compensations in Construction Disputes Using Machine Learning Techniques

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Ayhan M., Dikmen Toker İ., Birgönül M. T.

JOURNAL OF ENGINEERING RESEARCH, vol.11, no.1B, pp.101-110, 2023 (SCI-Expanded)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 11 Issue: 1B
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.36909/jer.12683
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Arab World Research Source, Directory of Open Access Journals
  • Page Numbers: pp.101-110
  • Gazi University Affiliated: Yes


It is highly probable to encounter disputes in construction projects and construction disputes are detrimental as they may lead to cost overruns and delays. Knowing the compensation with some certainty can avoid parties from extending inconclusive claims. Decision support systems can be helpful to understand the aspect of the compensation, if any compensation can be acquired. Within this context, the primary objective of this research is to predict the associated compensations in construction disputes by using machine learning (ML) techniques on past project data so that in new projects, decision support can be provided with some certainty via forecasts on the aspect of the compensation. To do this, a conceptual model identifying the attributes affecting compensations was established based on an extensive literature review. Using these attributes, data from real-world dispute cases were collected. Insignificant attributes were eliminated via Chi-square tests to establish a simpler classification model, which was experimented via alternative single and ensemble ML techniques. The Naïve Bayes (NB) classifier generated the highest average classification accuracy as 80.61% when One-vs-All (OvA) decomposition technique was utilized. The conceptual model can guide construction professionals during dispute management decisionmaking and the promising results indicate that the classification model has the potential to identify compensations. This study can be used to mitigate disputes by preventing parties from resorting to unpleasant and inconclusive resolution processes.