AESOP Making Space for Hope, Gothenburg, Sweden, 10 - 14 July 2018, pp.571
Today, urban regeneration processes follow on all over the world. Even if, they are all regeneration processes, actually they are differentiated according to their aims: Are they property-based or community-based which cares community needs and their sustainable development on their life standards? Why community participation is very important? This paper aims answering these questions and understanding community – led regeneration processes; how they contribute social sustainability and provide continuity in cultural system and unique identity in an urban area. In this paper, core elements of community – led regeneration and its barriers which prevent these regeneration processes are discussed, and also it discusses community – led regeneration projects with the two examples: Fener – Balat – Ayvansaray Urban Renewal Project as Turkish Case and Nanluoguxiang Conservation Project as Beijing, China Case. In both cases; the processes, their aims, achievement levels in terms of physical and social and their comparison underlines in this paper. Especially, in Turkish Case, the starting aim of the project of Fener - Balat and how it evolved through the time explains the perception change for the area after 2008 – the EU Project ended. After discussion of both cases, as a conclusion, some important questions are asked such as “Why economic interest is always more important than local residents’ life standards?” or “What are reasons of failures in community engagement in urban regeneration projects – especially in historical sites?” and they are tried to be answered.