A Multi-step Virtual Screening Protocol for the Identification of Novel Non-acidic Microsomal Prostaglandin E-2 Synthase-1 (mPGES-1) Inhibitors

Shekfeh S., ÇALIŞKAN B., Fischer K., Yalcin T., Garscha U., Werz O., ...More

CHEMMEDCHEM, vol.14, no.2, pp.273-281, 2019 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 14 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Doi Number: 10.1002/cmdc.201800701
  • Journal Name: CHEMMEDCHEM
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.273-281
  • Keywords: docking, inflammation, microsomal prostaglandin E-2 synthase-1, prostaglandins, virtual screening, ACCURATE DOCKING, POTENT, DISCOVERY, DESIGN, PROTEINS, ENTROPY, ENZYME, GLIDE, SAR
  • Gazi University Affiliated: Yes


Microsomal prostaglandin E-2 synthase-1 (mPGES-1) is a potential therapeutic target for the treatment of inflammatory diseases and certain types of cancer. To identify novel scaffolds for mPGES-1 inhibition, we applied a virtual screening (VS) protocol that comprises molecular docking, fingerprints-based clustering with diversity-based selection, protein-ligand interactions fingerprints, and molecular dynamics (MD) simulations with molecular mechanics Poisson-Boltzmann surface area (MM-PBSA) calculations. The hits identified were carefully analyzed to ensure the selection of novel scaffolds that establish stable interactions with key residues in the mPGES-1 binding pocket and inhibit the catalytic activity of the enzyme. As a result, we discovered two promising chemotypes, 4-(2-chlorophenyl)-N-[(2-{[(propan-2-yl)sulfamoyl]methyl}phenyl)methyl]piperazine-1-carboxamide (6) and N-(4-methoxy-3-{[4-(6-methyl-1,3-benzothiazol-2-yl)phenyl]sulfamoyl}phenyl)acetamide (8), as non-acidic mPGES-1 inhibitors with IC50 values of 1.2 and 1.3 mu m, respectively. Minimal structural optimization of 8 resulted in three more compounds with promising improvements in inhibitory activity (IC50: 0.3-0.6 mu m). The unprecedented chemical structures of 6 and 8, which are amenable to further derivatization, reveal a new and attractive approach for the development of mPGES-1 inhibitors with potential anti-inflammatory and anticancer properties.