Adapted Physical Activity Implementations From The Perspective Of Private Education Institution Administrators: A Phenomenological Approach

Sarol H., Güloğlu T. N., Gürkan R. K., Budak D.

19th International Sport Sciences Congress, Antalya, Turkey, 11 - 14 November 2021, pp.137-138

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Summary Text
  • City: Antalya
  • Country: Turkey
  • Page Numbers: pp.137-138
  • Gazi University Affiliated: Yes


Adapted physical activity (APA) includes individualized special implementations involving basic movement skills with physical and motor fitness, created in line with the characteristics and needs of individuals with special needs. In recent years the prevalence of APA implementations for individuals with special needs has increased and APA is offered as a service in private education institutions providing support education for individuals with special needs. In line with this, the aim of the research was to investigate the perspective of private education institutions about APA implementations. This qualitative research designed with a phenomenological pattern used the criteria sampling method from the targeted sampling methods. In line with the criteria determined, the study group in the research comprised administrators of 10 (ten) private education institutions with APA programs in Ankara. Data collection tools in the research included the personal information form and semi-structured interview form. Face-to-face interviews were held with private education institution administrators included in the study group. Data were analyzed using the content analysis method. The research pattern, data collection tools and analysis process were explained in detail with the aim of increasing credibility, transferability, consistency and confirmability of the study. Using the reliability formula of Miles and Huberman (1994).(reliability=consensus/consensus + dissension X 100), the reliability of the research was found to be .85. According to the research findings, APA applications contribute to individuals with special needs from physical, psychological, social and academic aspects and inclusion of these implementations plays an important role. Additionally, it appears offering APA services is an important factor for parents of individuals with special needs when choosing an institution. From this perspective, institutions stated they included APA implementations on their curriculum and created the content of available implementations in line with the needs of individuals. Institutions appeared to attach importance to organizing the space for APA implementations, selecting equipment and selecting qualified trainers. In conclusion, in private education institutions, APA provides many contributions to individuals with special needs, was a criterion for selection of institutions by parents and qualified trainers, well-designed spaces and diversified content were important factors for APA implementations. It was concluded that important factors limiting participation were the financial situation of parents and lack of knowledge.