We investigated the relation of expression of tumor-suppressor gene product p53, apoptosis-regulator gene product bcl-2, and CD34 (as a measure of microvessel density [MVD]) with traditional clinicopathologic prognostic variables in endometrial carcinoma (histologic type, grade, depth of myometrial invasion, angiolymphatic invasion, lymph node involvement). In specimens from 63 patients with endometrial carcinoma, the mean MVD (64.38+/-28.71 microvessels per 200x field) was not related to any clinicopathologic variables. Nuclear p53 expression was detected in 15 (23.8%) patients and was higher in nonendometrioid carcinomas (p<0.05) and in tumors with increasing histologic grade (p<0.001). Cytoplasmic bcl-2 staining was seen in 79.3% of the tumors. There was a negative correlation between bcl-2 expression and histologic type and tumor grade (p<0.05). In survival analysis, patient age, FIGO stage, high expression of p53, low expression of bcl-2, and high and intermediate MVD values were found to be the most significant prognostic indicators of survival (p<0.05). In multivariate regression analysis, FIGO stage and low bcl-2 expression were found to be the only independent indicators of prognosis (p<0.05).