Study of solvent effects on the protonation of functional group of disubstituted anilines: Factor analysis applied to the correlation between protonation constants and solvatochromic parameters in ethanol-water mixtures

Altun Y.

MONATSHEFTE FUR CHEMIE, vol.136, no.12, pp.1993-2006, 2005 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 136 Issue: 12
  • Publication Date: 2005
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s00706-005-0371-2
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.1993-2006
  • Gazi University Affiliated: Yes


The stoichiometric protonation constants (log beta) of some disubstituted aniline derivatives in ethanol-water mixtures (0-90% ethanol by volume) at 25.0 +/- 0.1 degrees C were firstly submitted to factor analysis in order to obtain the number factors which affect the variation of the whole data sets and, afterwards, submitted to target factor analysis to identify these factors. The influence of solvatochromic parameters in the interactions between aniline derivatives and the solvent studied was identified and quantified. The general equation of Kamlet and Taft was reduced for these mixtures to two terms using combined factor analysis (FA) and target factor analysis (TFA): the independent term and the hydrogen-bond donating ability, alpha (HBD), solvatochromic parameters. Further, the quasi-lattice quasi-chemical (QLQC) theory of preferential solvation has been applied to quantify the preferential solvation by water of electrolytes in ethanol-water mixtures. The effects of the substituents on the protonation constants, the additivities of these effects, and the applicability of the Hammett equation to the behavior of substituents are also discussed. Further, Hammett's reaction constant for the protonation of disubstituted anilines has been obtained for all the solvent mixtures and correlates well with alpha (HBD) of the solvent.