3D-graphene-laser patterned p-type silicon Schottky diode

Orhan E., Efil E., Bayram O., Kaymak N., Berberoglu H., Candemir O., ...More

MATERIALS SCIENCE IN SEMICONDUCTOR PROCESSING, vol.121, 2021 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 121
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.mssp.2020.105454
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, PASCAL, Applied Science & Technology Source, Chemical Abstracts Core, Chimica, Communication Abstracts, Compendex, Computer & Applied Sciences, INSPEC, Metadex
  • Keywords: Graphene, Nano-sheet, Laser patterning, Schottky diode, GRAPHENE, GROWTH, JUNCTION
  • Gazi University Affiliated: Yes


The influence of the laser patterning (LP) process on the quality of graphene (Gr) film and Schottky diode characteristics was researched in this study. First of all, p-type silicon (Si) was patterned by homemade femto-second laser source. To compare the resulting effect, non-patterned n-Si and p-Si were used as substrates. To achieve vertically oriented three-dimensional (3D) Gr nanosheets (VGNs) onto the laser patterned p-type Si, non patterned n-Si, and p-Si substrates, we used Radio-Frequency Plasma Enhanced Chemical Vapor Deposition (RFPECVD) technique. Then, Raman analyses for VGNs obtained on patterned and non-patterned p-Si and n-Si substrates were conducted. All results indicate that the Gr obtained on all substrates is vertically oriented. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) analyses were also performed to obtain information about the morphological properties of the 3D Gr structure. In addition, the influence of the laser patterning at the Gr-Si interface was evaluated by comparing two sets of devices which are junctions of Gr-Laser Patterned Si (Gr-LPSi) and GrInsulator-Silicon (Gr-I-Si) at 300 K in the dark medium. D1 device consists of a Gr-LPSi junction that involves RFPECVD grown Gr on the silicon, whose surface exposed the laser beam for patterning. D2 device consists of a GrI-Si junction that involves RF-PECVD grown Gr onto the silicon, whose surface involves a thin native oxide layer (similar to 2 nm). The results show that the laser treatment causes an increment in Schottky barrier height (SBH) and decreases leakage currents under a reverse bias voltage of the diode. Notably, we have seen the influence of the laser patterning process on 3D Gr nano-sheets which is that the entire surface of the substrate has now reformed new structures in the nano-sphere and nano-rose morphology, so we believe that this is the first work that shows these structures in this form.