Evaluation of stress coping strategies in adolescents with attention deficiency hyperactivity disorder: Case-control study Dikkat eksikliği hiperaktivite bozukluğu olan ergenlerin stresle başa çıkma stratejilerinin değerlendirilmesi: Vaka-kontrol çalışması


TAŞ TORUN Y., Gül H., Şahın M., Gül A., Cöngöloğlu M. A.

Turkiye Klinikleri Pediatri, vol.30, no.3, pp.219-228, 2021 (Scopus) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 30 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.5336/pediatr.2020-78960
  • Journal Name: Turkiye Klinikleri Pediatri
  • Journal Indexes: Scopus, Academic Search Premier, EMBASE, TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.219-228
  • Keywords: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, Coping
  • Gazi University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Copyright © 2021 by Türkiye KlinikleriObjective: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common psychiatric disorders of childhood, characterized by difficulties in academic field, peer relationships and family life. The aim of this study is to determine the strategies for coping with stress in adolescents diagnosed with ADHD and to evaluate the relationship between the coping strategies they used and the problems they encounter in daily life. Material and Methods: The sample of the study consists of patients with ADHD (n=40) between the ages of 12-17 and a healthy control group (n=26). As data collection tools; sociodemographic data form, Conners-Wells adolescent self-report scale long form and coping strategies short form were used. Results: It was determined that dysfunctional coping total scores were higher in the ADHD group than the control group. When the subscales were examined, it was determined that the denial and behavioral disengagement subscale scores were significantly higher in the ADHD group. Planning was found to be lower in the ADHD group. With the emotionally centered coping score/revealing emotions method, the total scores of family problems, ADHD Index, Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (DSM-IV) Hyperactivity/Impulsivity and DSM-IV were positive and moderate; A positive, high-intensity relationship was found between emotional problems. Conclusion: It was concluded that adolescents diagnosed with ADHD used more emotionally focused and dysfunctional coping strategies compared to the control group, and the relationship between the coping methods used and symptoms of inattention, hyperactivity and impulsivity was different from each other.