Comparison of the effects of Twin Block and activator treatment on the soft tissue profile

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KALE VARLIK S., Gueltan A., Tuemer N.

EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF ORTHODONTICS, vol.30, no.2, pp.128-134, 2008 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 30 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2008
  • Doi Number: 10.1093/ejo/cjm121
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.128-134
  • Gazi University Affiliated: Yes


The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare the effects of activator and Twin Block (TB) appliances on the soft tissue profile. The study included 50 skeletal Class II patients (25 girls and 25 boys, mean age: 11.9 +/- 0.16 years) who were randomly allocated to one of two functional appliance treatment groups. The control group included 25 untreated skeletal Class II patients (13 boys and 12 girls, mean age: 10.11 +/- 0.91 years). Data were obtained from standardized lateral cephalograms taken at the beginning (T0) and end (T1) of appliance wear. The mean treatment time was 9 months for the activator group and 8 months for the TB group. The observation period of the control group was 8 months. Soft tissue profile changes were evaluated by means of 12 linear and five angular measurements. The groups were compared at T0 and T1 using analysis of variance, and treatment/observation differences (T1-T0) were evaluated with the Kruskal-Wallis test.