Comparative Assessment of "Social Studies" and "Folk Culture" Courses in Terms of Approaches to Safeguarding of Culture


Aral A. E.

MILLI FOLKLOR, no.112, pp.107-119, 2016 (Journal Indexed in AHCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: Issue: 112
  • Publication Date: 2016
  • Title of Journal : MILLI FOLKLOR
  • Page Numbers: pp.107-119

Abstract

Constant change of cultures depending upon social, political and economic conditions and also approaches and practices that have been formed by culture in the face of problems change or degenerate by various interventions in the course of events. When viewed from this aspect, it is considered important to interpret and identify how, how much and under what circumstances intangible cultural heritage (ICH) take part in formal education with regard to safeguarding of culture by reason of the fact that ICH is just as essential as tangible cultural heritage on the subject,of cultural identity and sense of belonging. This paper investigates educational policies of the early period of the Republic of Turkey and 21st century on the basis of approaches to safeguarding of culture in terms of identification, approaches and practices. With the intention of handling the comparison perceptibly, the course Social Studies of early period of the Republic of Turkey and the course Folk Culture of present day have been addressed with the thought that both of these courses might reflect the basic changes of tendencies in approaches to safeguarding of culture. Administrative approaches which developed around the years between 1923-1938 which could be regarded as an important period in terms of constructing a national identity in Turkey and following the year 2006 after which the course Folk Culture appeared in formal education have been investigated from the point of approaches to safeguarding of culture based upon the reflections of aforesaid courses in. curricula. As a result of the assessment of regulations book, curricula and guide books in the light of mentioned years' political and cultural environment, whereas the perception of safeguarding in early period of the Republic emphasizes an attitude which is based on the sense of belonging and identity, discriminative and highlights the dominance of the administrative center with a discourse from above, it has been observed in the present day that, the understanding of safeguarding is more sensitive to the demands of local population, sustainable and it progresses as part of international consensus minimalizing the dominance of the center relatively.