OBJECTIVE: The craniocervical junction permits a certain amount of mobility for the cervical spine. The biomechanical properties of occipital bone-atlas joint mainly depend on the bony structure, and atlas-axis joint biomechanical properties mainly depend on ligamentous structure. The underlying etiologic factor of Chiari malformation (CM) is debatable. Nowadays, some researchers argue that stabilization difference is one of the suspicious factors for etiopathogenesis. We aim to analyze the ligamentous morphometric differences of CM.