Siderophore production, serum resistance, hemolytic activity and extended-spectrum beta-lactamase-producing Klebsiella species isolated from milk and milk products


Gundogan N., Yakar U. A.

JOURNAL OF FOOD SAFETY, vol.27, no.3, pp.251-264, 2007 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 27 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2007
  • Doi Number: 10.1111/j.1745-4565.2007.00077.x
  • Title of Journal : JOURNAL OF FOOD SAFETY
  • Page Numbers: pp.251-264

Abstract

This study aimed at the isolation and identification of Klebsiella spp. from dairy product to establish their public health significance by determining their virulence factors, antibiotic resistance and extended-spectrum P-lactamase (ESBL). Klebsiella pneumoniae, Klebsiella oxytoca and Klebsiella rhinoscleromatis were identified in 25 (58%), 11 (26%) and 7 (16%) isolates, respectively. A high prevalence of Klebsiella isolates had virulence factors such as siderophore production (63%), serum resistance (32.5%) and hemolytic activity (58%). ESBL-producing Klebsiella spp. was detected in 35% of the isolates. Resistance to the antimicrobial agents tested was found to be much higher in the ESBL-producing Klebsiella spp. than in non-ESBL-producing isolates. All ESBL-producing Klebsiella spp. showed high-level resistance to cephalosporins and monobactams. The majority of the serum resistant, siderophore, hemolysin and ESBL producers were K. pneumoniae.