Polyacylonitrile fibers (PAN) surfaces were modified with chemical polymerization of conductive polyaniline (PANI) in the presence of potassium dichromate as an oxidizing agent. The effect of aniline concentration on the grafting efficiency and on the electrical surface resistance of PAN/PANI composite fibers was investigated. The surface resistance of the conductive composite fibers in this work was found to be between 8.0 and 0.5 k Omega/cm. As the amount of grafted PANI increased on the PAN fibers the electrical resistance of composite fibers decreased. The PAN/PANI composite fibers were characterized by SEM and FTIR studies. Composite PAN/PANI fibers were used for reversible immobilization of invertase. The immobilization efficiency and the activity of the immobilized invertase (from 1.0 mg/mL invertase solution at pH 5.5) were increased with increasing PANI contents of the composite fibers. The maximum amount of immobilized enzyme onto composite fibers containing 2.0% PANI was about 76.6 mg/g. The optimum pH for the free enzyme was observed at 5.0. On the other hand, immobilized invertase yielded a broad optimum PH profile between pH 5.0 and 7.0. Immobilized invertase exhibited 83% of its original activity even after two months storage at 4 degrees C while the free enzyme showed only 7% of its initial activity. (C) 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.