"Teselleme"s in Turkish Folk Literature


GÜNEŞ ULUS A.

MILLI FOLKLOR, ss.19-26, 2018 (AHCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: Konu: 118
  • Basım Tarihi: 2018
  • Dergi Adı: MILLI FOLKLOR
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.19-26

Özet

"Teselleme"s in Turkish folk literature are thought-provoking, didactical, witty, shorts stories which are told in order to explain and support topics by giving examples. While it's very similar to anecdotes, tesellemes have certain different features. During the conversation, the person who "gives tesellemes" knows the heroes of the narrative he is talking about, even the person himself is the hero or witness of the event. In this regard, the tesellemes constitute the lower steps of the formation of the anecdotes. If the heroes are told either by the narrator or by the listener without being recognized closely or remotely and by changing the names of the heroes or transforming them into known types of ancdotes, the story turns into an anecdote instead of being a teselleme. "Teselleme"s, whose samples are mostly seen in Central Anatolia Region, are claimed to be the core narratives which prepare the formation of the anecdotes. Tesellemes which resemble the anecdotes in terms of shape are plain, short prose in spoken language. However, in some regions, certain rhyming pieces which do not have a certain shape and which resembles rhymes,which are called "matching", can be met in the stories. Tesellemes that often end in a witty or concise word are also sources of some idioms and proverbs, just as anecdotes. Teselleme is not told alone, it is told on one occasion during the conversation. The task of giving place to tesellemes during the speech is called "bringing teselleme" or "giving teselleme" among the people. Everyone can bring teselleme, but there are some who are sociable, witty, and ready-to talk, they often give places to tesellemes in conversation. Such persons are called "tesellemeci". There are not enough compilations, researches and investigations on tesellemes that are so common among the people. The aim of this study is to provide information about the characteristics, formation stages, usage areas, performers and enforcement environments of the teselleme that has not been adequately addressed by folk literature researchers.