Narrative Heroes with Many Places or Many Graves: Yunus Emre

Oguz M. O.

MILLI FOLKLOR, sa.91, ss.5-11, 2011 (AHCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Yayın Türü: Makale / Tam Makale
  • Cilt numarası: Konu: 91
  • Basım Tarihi: 2011
  • Dergi Adı: MILLI FOLKLOR
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.5-11


It is understood that Yunus Emre is a historical figure because of his mathnawi Risaletu'n-Nushiyye and his Divan which consists of some of his poems that cannot be kept in oral tradition. However, in spite of having these two texts containing the qualities of written culture, Yunus Emre is totally living in oral tradition and collective memory. Since there is more than one Yunus and their graves, there are many variants of his poems and there are many legends about him being transferred from one generation to other generation Yunus Emre should be considered as a narrative hero rather than a historical figure. The prototype Yunus Emre who is accepted to have lived in the 13th century with his works mentioned above should not be analyzed with the one who has been told among people for centuries in different geographies. The prototype Yunus Emre can take place in the field of literary historians as a literate poet. However, Yunus Emre who is the narrative dervish or the traditional poet to whose name poems are composed should be analyzed by the folklorists. The written culture did not take up seriously the existence of oral culture's Yunus Emre who is popular as a dervish and traditional poet. There is a direct proportion between the adoption of Yunus Emre studies in written culture and his taking attention in folklore studies. This can be accepted as another evidence of his existence in oral culture that folklore studies analyze. Therefore, Yunus Emre with his life story told in legends, his many graves, and variants of his poems from many centuries should be analyzed by folklorists as a narrative hero.