Performance Enhancement of a Beta Type Rhombic Drive Stirling engine

ÇINAR C. , SOLMAZ H. , İPCİ D. , Yilmaz E., AKSOY F.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF GREEN ENERGY, cilt.17, sa.13, ss.884-893, 2020 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 17 Konu: 13
  • Basım Tarihi: 2020
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1080/15435075.2020.1809427
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.884-893


Stirling engines maintain attraction because of their high energy conversion efficiencies. In this study, experimental comparison of a beta-type Stirling engine for two different rhombic-drive mechanisms was presented. In one of the rhombic mechanisms, spur gears were used and the gear shaft was supported in bearings from one side. In the other mechanism, two helical gears were placed on crankshafts and the crankshafts were supported in bearings from both sides. Rhombus lengths of the mechanisms were determined as 66 mm and 80 mm to provide same constant compression ratio of 2.5 for both configurations. Both mechanisms were used in the same beta-type Stirling engine having same cylinder, piston and displacer dimensions. Performance parameters of the engines were evaluated at different helium charge pressures (2-4 bar) and hot-end temperatures (400-600 degrees C). The hot-end of the displacer cylinder was heated by a liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) burner. The engine power increased by 132%, friction losses and gear noses were reduced by supporting the rhombic-drive mechanism from both side and using helical gears. The maximum output torque and power of the engine were obtained as 13.14 Nm at 428 rpm engine speed and 663 W at 800 rpm engine speed, respectively, at 600 degrees C hot-end temperature and 4 bar charge pressure.